By Blaise Rego
The idea that Europe changed massively 1989 is no shock to anyone. This year was the triggered the collapse of what once was the competing lead world power, the Soviet Union. Revolution’s across the eastern bloc overthrew communist leaders and helped establish shaky new governments that altered the power balance of the European sphere.
New governments being established across Europe meant new ideas and political sensibilities began to govern in places that had stagnant policies towards many of the problems that plague modern Europe. This is clearly seen in the issue surrounding migration in europe. The collapse of communist regimes, releasing of the steel curtain and troubles across Southern Europe (the balkans) and Africa massively increased the migration to Eastern Europe. Migration to eastern Europe was not met with enthusiasm as economic issues troubled many of the post Soviet states. States like Hungary were forced into “shock doctrine” neoliberal economic policies that massively hurts their economy resulting in social unrest towards the government.
A societal base that is unhappy with the government, is dealing with internal political/economic issues, and external issues (migration) is fertile grounds for the growth of extremist ideas such as neo-fascism. These fertile grounds have allowed for political parties such as “Fidesz” in Hungary to blossom into the leading political organization in the country. Fidesz and Vitkor Orban have allowed for Hungry’s slow slide towards an “illiberal democracy” a term coined by Orban himself. These readings have shown how a series of events can have massive ripple on affects if there are external forces at play that shift how the events affect the world.