BY: Francesco Sacca
Welcome back to the Sacca article everyone! It has been some time due to the student break that I received but I am back and ready to discuss more interesting topics with you all!
In this week’s material, we explored some themes that were new and some themes that have returned from previous weeks. From Anna Cento Bull and Christopher Molnar, elements of a returning nature present themselves. While they are both discussing two different regions within Europe (Bull with Italy and Molnar with Germany), similar topics that surround fear and unity through the exclusion of ‘others’ are made aware. While these topics have been discussed at length over my past few postings (and not to mention by other students on this website) there are some rather interesting topics that are brought up. For example, from Bull I now understand the origin of the term “Forza Italia” which, as an Italian, has been said both around me and by me many times. In Bull’s article, she states; “Forza Italia’s appeal to ‘the people’ thus simultaneously involved a redefinition of those who belonged and those who did not.”. Knowing now that the use of this term mentions a sense of belonging through ethnic exclusivity, I do not believe that I will be shouting the term during soccer games any longer.
In the article created by Kalb Don and in the article titled “‘Actually Existing’ Right-Wing Populism in Rural Europe”, we are introduced to some of the declining experiences of different European countries. How the desire to create a more free market based economy, was able to lead to a decline in things such as unemployment; “A massive reduction in formal employment throughout the region from some 70 percent to 50 percent”. This statement by Don shows just how impactful these changes were to European populations (simply for comparative purposes, during the Great Depression, the United States suffered a 25% decline in employment).
Anna Cento Bull, “The role of memory in populist discourse: the case of the Italian Second Republic” Patterns of Prejudice, 50:3 (2016): 213-231
Christopher Molnar, “Greetings from the Apocalypse”: Race, Migration, and Fear after German Reunification” Central European History, (2021), 1-25.
Don Kalb, “Post-Socialist Contradictions. The Social Question in Central and Eastern Europe And the Making of the Illiberal Right” The Social Question in the Twenty-First Century: a Global View edited by Jan Breman et al. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2019).
Natalia Mamonova, Jaume Franquesa, and Sally Brooks, “‘Actually Existing’ Right-Wing Populism in Rural Europe: Insights from Eastern Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom and Ukraine,” The Journal of Peasant Studies 47, no. 7 (2020): 1497–1525