In the readings for this week there are many representations of fascism during the Second World War, not only in Germany but other parts of Europe as well. In the Hanebrink article the author tells us how a large majority is afraid of Judeo-bolshevism and the potential that it will spread across the continent. Through this mentality all Jewish people are seen as communist and so this also spreads a fear of them in other countries in Europe.
With the Motadel article it was made relatively clear that fascism can mean many different things depending in the leaders’ ideals at the time. As he writes about anti colonist groups coming to Germany to gain support from Hitler. They end up receiving support from Hitler but only because he is looking for help to fight the allies. This may give off the appearance of nationalism but in turn to only fit the agenda of the Nazi state. Through this we are shown that Fascism has no clear definition, and it can be malleable to ones will especially during times of war if the greater result ends with a victorious fascist state.
After these readings we are shown that Fascism can have various faces and truly only show its true colors in the shadows. While in the light it has been made evident that Fascism can trick even the smartest and most intelligent of us all. And with its leaders often being loud, confident, and entirely self centered. And all of this is made even worse through their ability to create followers that show the same mentality as the leader to rise to the top.
Paul Hanebrink, A Specter Haunting Europe: The Myth of Judeo-Bolshevism (Harvard University Press, 2018), pp. 1-10, 11-45.
David Motadel, “The Global Authoritarian Moment: The Revolt Against Empire” American Historical Review Vol. 124, Issue 3 (July 2019): 843-877.