Role Models for Society in Fascist Culture

Lucas Lang

Within fascist cultures, there is often an effort to engineer the social structure of society through manicuring roles of gender and creating idealized characteristics for gender within society. Whether in Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union, or the Romanian Legionary movement, authoritarian cultures commonly create archetypes of the ideal male within their society. Characteristics encouraged within males often include values such as strength, intelligence, cunning, emotional control, and dedication to morale’s. At the same time, gentleness, passion, and empathy were also contradictorily encouraged to co-exist, though only at designated times and places. Those who reject such emotional “weaknesses” were often exemplified and designated as ideal examples to strive towards for those who were incapable of doing the same. Through promoting such values and embarrassing those people (or races) who did not comply with their standards, they hoped to create a society in which the ideal could become reality. Social and gender interactions in which individuals did not or were encouraged to not comply with the ideal were therefore forbidden and supported by both societal and governmental punishments. Critical to the success of fascist endeavors were the efforts to reach and engineer the youth to accept and actively participate in their societal models. Many fascists recognized that it would be the youth who would realize their societal goals in the creation of a new superior society, rather than their own generation. Presenting model figures for the youth in order to have them seek to live up to its characteristics was therefore critical in the fascist’s efforts rebuild society.

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